More than 48 paralel sessions and posters from around the world
Romão de Sousa Foundation, in collaboration with the New University of Lisbon (Institute of Philosophy) and Évora University, is delighted to present the second International Mental Health Congress of Romão de Sousa Foundation on the 21st and 22nd of October and three associated events, taking place in Estremoz and Évora (Alentejo, Central East Portugal) between the 17th and 25th of October 2016.
The theme of the Congress is “The Neurobiology - Psychotherapy - Pharmacology Intervention Triangle: weights, measures and controversies”.
In the 19th century, the Western World went through dramatic changes in the understanding of mental health and in provision of services. William Tuke (1732 - 1822) in the UK and Philippe Pinel (1745 - 1826) in France were in the forefront of a humanizing movement known as “moral treatment”.
This humanization of services lost ground through the 19th and 20th centuries, giving rise to the maintenance and spreading of large mental health institutions where people suffering mental distress were severely separated/segregated from external reality and not given the rights of “normal” (adapted) people. A positive idea of asylum was replaced with segregation...
During the second world war, a number of British doctors started the Therapeutic Community movement in the UK, in many ways returning to the ideas of Tuke and Pinel. They observed that transforming the environment of the “mentally ill” would also dramatically change their condition. A number of similar movements spread through Europe and the US giving rise to a new understanding of mental illness, sometimes even contesting the term illness itself, and often attempting treatment without medication.
Alongside the growing therapeutic community movement and the humanization of services another dominant trend was rising: the “technologisation” of interventions based on valuefree science. Whilst not the aim of that trend, it often dehumanized relationships. There is an implicit tension between “being-with” (humanistic values) and “doing-to” (technical expertise).
A “doing-to” stance has often been rooted in psychiatric manuals like DSM or ICD which suggest the existence of objective states which are valuefree and where concepts such as “autistic” or “schizophrenic” entered daily discourse and gained legitimacy. Increasingly we find ourselves in a “quick fix” culture dominated by a technical-rationality model of science, a change nicely termed by some authors the “McDonaldization of society”.
How can Being and Doing coexist in the service of patients and families? The relational paradigm and the scientific postmodern era arose at the same time that positivism and empiricism are growing. There are disparate movements of integration and sectarianism; important differences between affective and cognitive neuroscience; large gaps between theory and practice; contradictory evidence for and against “broken-brain” models. Is it possible for science to go back to “the ordinary” and start being human again, acknowledging the impossibility of separating figure from ground?
Neurobiology can be significantly modified through medication and psychotherapy, but also through play and occupational therapy, and by diet and life style. The right weighting of the components of mental health, and the right measures of it, can only be known through secure and trustworthy therapeutic relationships, helping to give meaning to interventions. The establishment of epistemic trust within psychologically enabling relationships is perhaps the only non-controversial ingredient of change, as research and practice consistently confirm. From the 17th to the 25th of October 2016, these themes will be presented, debated and experienced within the Congress and associated events. We invite you to submit your work and to be part of this discussion!
João G. Pereira
Chair of the Organizing Committee
Professor Rex Haigh is an NHS Consultant Psychiatrist who has been fascinated by therapeutic communities since learning his psychiatry in one, as an Oxford medical...
Dr Mizen is a Consultant Medical Psychotherapist and SAP Jungian Analyst. She trained at the Cassel Hospital in West London before becoming a Consultant at...
Martin Debbané is Associate Professor and director of the Developmental Clinical Psychology Research Unit at the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva...
Albino Oliveira Maia completed a medical degree at Universidade do Porto, and a doctorate in neuroscience, developed at Duke University, under the supervision of Profs....
JOÃO G. PEREIRA (POR), University of Évora and Romão de Sousa Foundation (Chair)
CHRIS EVANS (UK), East London NHS Trust and Nottingham University (Co-Chair)
SIMON DU PLOCK (UK), Metanoia Institute, London
CÉLIA SALES (POR), University of Porto
FRANCISCO ORTEGA BEVIÁ (SPA), University of Seville
ISAURA MANSO NETO (POR), Portuguese Group Analytic Society
JOÃO MARQUES TEIXEIRA (POR), University of Porto
SOFIA TAVARES (POR), University of Évora and Research Center for Psychology and Education
MARIA JOÃO CARAPETO (POR), University of Évora
JOHN GALE (UK), International Network of Democratic Therapeutic Communities and CHT
JORGE GONÇALVES (POR), New University of Lisbon and Nova Institute of Philosophy
LUCA MINGARELI (IT), Il Nodo Group and Associazione Rosa dei Venti
ADELINDA CANDEIAS (POR), University of Évora
CONSTANÇA BISCAIA (POR), University of Évora and Portuguese Psychoanalytical Society (SPP)
DIMITRIS MOSCHONAS (GR), Open Psychotherapy Center and National Organization for Psychotherapy
FARRELL SILVEBERG (USA), IFPE International Forum for Psychoanalytic Education
JOÃO G. PEREIRA, University of Évora and Romão de Sousa Foundation (Chair)
CÁTIA RIBEIRO ALVES, Romão de Sousa Foundation and SPPC
TATIANA GIL FERREIRA, Romão de Sousa Foundation and SPPE
CHRIS EVANS, East London NHS Trust and Nottingham University
JORGE GONÇALVES, New University of Lisbon and Nova Institute of Philosophy
ANA CARVALHO, Romão de Sousa Foundation
CLÁUDIA PEDRO, Romão de Sousa Foundation (Secretary)
ANA RITA NEVES, Romão de Sousa Foundation (Co-Secretary)
SARA PREZADO, University of Évora (Co-Secretary)
INÊS HIPÓLITO, Doctoral College Mind-Brain, University of Lisbon
MADALENA SERRA, Espírito Santo Hospital and Romão de Sousa Foundation